The Department of Health, the Department for Environment, Food
and Rural Affairs, and the Health and Safety Executive advise
that pregnant women should avoid close contact with sheep during
the lambing season.
Pregnant women who come into close contact with sheep during
lambing may risk their own health and that of their unborn child,
from infections that can occur in some ewes. These include chlamydiosis
(enzootic abortion of ewes - EAE), toxoplasmosis and listeriosis,
which are common causes of abortion in ewes.
Although the number of reports of these infections and human
miscarriages resulting from contact with sheep is extremely small,
it is important that pregnant women are aware of the potential
risks associated with close contact with sheep during lambing.
To avoid the possible risk of infection, pregnant women are
advised that they should:
- not help to lamb or milk ewes;
- avoid contact with aborted or new-born lambs or with the
- avoid handling clothing, boots etc which have come into contact
with ewes or lambs.
Pregnant women should seek medical advice if they experience
fever or influenza-like symptoms, or if concerned that they could
have acquired infection from a farm environment.
Farmers have a responsibility to minimise the risks to pregnant
women, including members of their family, the public and professional
staff visiting farms. Any action should be determined by their
risk assessment required under the Control of Substances Hazardous
to Health (COSHH) Regulations 2002 and also the Management of
Health and Safety of Work Regulations 1999.
If a ewe aborts, farmers are advised to consult their veterinary
surgeon and arrange for samples to be examined at their local
Regional Laboratory of the Veterinary Laboratories Agency to
determine the cause. In the interests of hygiene, farmers should
dispose of all afterbirths promptly and safely in accordance
with relevant legislation. The EU Animal By-Products Regulations
2002 requires animal by-products, including afterbirth material,
to be disposed of via an approved route such as rendering, incineration,
knackers yards etc.
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